Foxtail millet is an annual grass which grows to an average height of 60-150 cm. It is adapted to well-drained soils.The seeds are convex oval or elliptical and light yellow to brown, rusty or black in color. It is known as Bertia in Hindi, Pabbio Coltivato in Switzerland, Panico Degli Uccelli in Italian, Awa in Japanese, Morap in Russian, Sekui in Malaysia, dzo in Korean, and Mijo De Italia in Spanish. Foxtail millets are available in the form of rice, semolina which is like rava or as flour. The carbohydrates present in it doesn’t increase the blood sugar levels immediately as with other millets. The glucose is steadily released by it without affecting the metabolism of the body. The symptoms of diabetes are rare among the people who consume it in their diet. The foxtail millet is a versatile crop which can be grown in any season of the year with the shortest crop cycle of 60 to 90 days. No other food crop can be grown in such a short period. It is rich in dietary fibre, and minerals like iron and copper. Due to the presence of the dietary fibre and minerals, it helps to reduce the levels of bad cholesterol and keeps the immune system strong. Foxtail millets are very rich in calories. It provides energy and strength to the body to perform various activities. It is considered as the perfect substitute for the healthy diets. It is widely cultivated in India, Africa, and China.
Foxtail millet of 100 gram contains 12 g of moisture,4 g of total fat, 351 calories, 63.2 g of carbohydrate, 11.2 g of protein, and 6.7 g of crude fiber. It also grants 803 g of isoleucine, 63.2 g of carbohydrate, 1764 g of leucine, 103 g of tryptophan, 328 g of threonine, 233 g of lysine, 4 g of lipid fat, 0.6 mg of thiamin, 2.8 mg of iron, 11.2 mg of protein, 3.2 mg of niacin, 0.1 mg of riboflavin and 31 mg of calcium.
- In China, the Foxtail millet is used as astringent and emollient in choleric affections and also diarrhea.
- The seeds are used as a diuretic treat indigestion, dyspepsia, rheumatism, to strengthen virility, enhance vigor and treat bone fractures in India.
- Foxtail millet helps to treat food stagnancy.
- The green seeds will help to reinforce virility whereas the white seeds are useful for fever and cholera.
- The seeds are used to treat diabetes.
- The cooked grains are used in as a cure for diarrhea.
- The decoction made from Setaria oil and bark of Acacia modesta is used as a tonic or to raise fertility in females and males.
- It can be combined with other herbs to cure Dysuria.
- The paste is externally used as a cure for swellings.
- It is also combined with cow’s curd in order to treat measles.
I. Alzheimer’s disease
Vitamin B1 slows the development of Alzheimer’s disease. It could be treated with an intake of 100 mg supplements of Vitamin B1. The trial studies are still carried out for the determination of the mechanism due to which it occurs.
II. A proper function of cardiac
Vitamin B1 which is present in the foxtail millet helps in assisting the formation of neurotransmitter acetylcholine which helps in the transfer of the message between muscle and nerves. It also safeguards the functions of cardiac. The patients with congestive heart failure find Vitamin B1 helpful and prevent heart ailments. The deficiency of Vitamin B1 leads to improper functions of cardiac.
III. Enhance memory
The foxtail millet manages the nervous ailments such as Bell’s palsy and multiple sclerosis. It helps to enhance the concentration and memory power. It provides a positive impact on nervous system and supports mental perspective.
IV. Hair and Skin health
Protein is essential for the maintenance of hair and prevents it from damage. Protein plays a vital role in the growth of hair. The protein supports and strengthens the tissues such as skin which tears constantly. Collagen is considered as the vital protein which strengthens the tissues, cells, and organs that is essential for the revitalization. The presence of collagen protein in the body provides wrinkle-free, healthy and youthful skin.
How To Eat And Precautions To Be Taken
The grain cooked in milk or water is consumed as rice. Seeds are consumed as a sweet or savory food. The seeds are grounded as flour and used to make porridge puddings, cakes, and bread. The flour made by Foxtail millet is used to make noodles. The seeds are sprouted and consumed as a vegetable. The sensitive people might get allergic reactions so they should avoid it. It should be consumed in limited amounts.